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Need research paper on the topic “Cyberterrorism vs. cyberwarfare.” 8 pgaes with 5 to 6 refernces in APA 7 format with no plagarism.

I need support with this Computer Science question so I can learn better.

8 pages length and with 5 to 6 references with APA 7 format and the topic is

Cyberterrorism vs. cyberwarfare.

The only known instance of cyberterrorism in the world today is the Stuxnet worm which was

installed on computers in Iran to disable their nuclear reactors which can produce weapons grade

fissionable material to enable Iran to develop a nuclear warhead. The Stuxnet worm was discovered by

Kaspersky Labs which produced and marketed one of the most effective antivirus programs in the world.

Kaspersky Labs traced the origins of the Stuxnet worm to the CIA. The Stuxnet worm was

developed specifically to infect centrifuges in Iran’s nuclear plant to disrupt their nuclear development

program. It has been reported that Israeli security agencies were heavily involved in the mission to load

the worm.

A few years later, an NSA employee took various malware and tools home that the agency used

in their cyber operations and loaded it on his personal computer. The computer had Kaspersky Labs

antivirus loaded on it and alerted Kaspersky to the infection as antivirus programs are supposed to. It

was reported that Israeli agents which were employed by Kaspersky reported that Kaspersky had ties to

the Russian government. Shortly thereafter, US intelligence agencies released a report that Kaspersky

had connections with the Russian government and recommended that Kaspersky antivirus and all other

Kaspersky products be banned from Federal government computers.

Considering the timing and sequence of events was Kaspersky banned because they had ties to

the Russian government or were they banned because they exposed the Stuxnet worm and the CIA’s

attempt at disabling the Iranian nuclear program?

Some people would say that the CIA’s development and use of the Stuxnet worm was

cyberwarfare. Others would say it was cyberterrorism. Which was it? Support your answer with


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